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NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines In Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) Recommendations

Ibrutinib (IMBRUVICA®) is recommended by the NCCN Guidelines® for both primary and previously treated WM1

Waldenström Macroglobulinemia therapy (Order of regimens is alphabetical and does not indicate preference)1

Note: All recommendations are Category 2A unless otherwise indicated.

Preferred Regimens

  • Bendamustine/rituximab

  • Bortezomib/dexamethasone/rituximab

  • Rituximab/cyclophosphamide/dexamethasone

Other Recommended Regimens

  • Bendamustine

  • Bortezomib ± rituximab

  • Bortezoniib/dexamethasone

  • Carfilzomib/rituximab/dexamethasone

  • Cladribine ± rituximab

  • Cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin/vincristine/prednisone/rituximab

  • Fludarabine ± rituximab

  • Fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab

  • Ibrutinib ± rituximab

  • Rituximab

  • Rituximab/cyclophosphamide/prednisone

Ibrutinib has been a recommended primary therapy option for WM since 2015 (Category 2A)1

Preferred Regimens

  • Bendamustine/rituximab

  • Bortezomib/dexamethasone/rituximab

  • Ibrutinib ± rituximab

  • Rituximab/cyclophosphamide/dexamethasone

Other Recommended Regimens

  • Bendamustine

  • Bortezomib ± rituximab

  • Bortezomib/dexamethasone

  • Cladribine ± rituximab

  • Cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin/vincristine/prednisone/rituximab

  • Everolimus

  • Fludarabine ± rituximab

  • Fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab

  • Rituximab

  • Rituximab/cyclophosphamide/prednisone

Useful In Certain Circumstances

  • Ofatumumab (for rituximab-intolerant individuals)

Stem Cell Transplant

  • In selected cases stem cell transplantation may be appropriate with either:

    • - Autologous stem cell transplant

    • - Allogeneic stem cell transplant (ablative or nonablative)

NCCN Categories of Evidence and Consensus1

Category 1: Based upon high-level evidence, there is uniform NCCN consensus that the intervention is appropriate.

Category 2A: Based upon lower-level evidence, there is uniform NCCN consensus that the intervention is appropriate.

Category 2B: Based upon lower-level evidence, there is NCCN consensus that the intervention is appropriate.

Category 3: Based upon any level of evidence, there is major NCCN disagreement that the intervention is appropriate.

NCCN Categories of Preference1

Preferred intervention: Interventions that are based on superior efficacy, safety, and evidence; and, when appropriate, affordability.

Other recommended intervention: Other interventions that may be somewhat less efficacious, more toxic, or based on less mature data; or significantly less affordable for similar outcomes.

Useful in certain circumstances: Other interventions that may be used for selected patient populations (defined with recommendation).

All recommendations are considered appropriate.

 

NCCN Guidelines

Access the NCCN Guidelines® for Waldenström Macroglobulinemia/Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma.

Clinical Trials: NCCN believes that the best management of any cancer patient is in a clinical trial. Participation in clinical trials is especially encouraged.



Adapted with permission from the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Waldenström Macroglobulinemia/Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma V.2.2019. © 2018 National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. All rights reserved. The NCCN Guidelines® and illustrations herein may not be reproduced in any form for any purpose without the express written permission of the NCCN. To view the most recent and complete version of the NCCN Guidelines, go online to NCCN.org. The NCCN Guidelines® are a work in progress that may be refined as often as new significant data becomes available. NCCN makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever regarding their content, use or application and disclaims any responsibility for their application or use in any way.

 
 
 

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IMBRUVICA® (ibrutinib) is now approved in a new
formulation as one pill, once daily.

As of May 15, 2018, the original 140 mg capsules will no longer be available.
Every IMBRUVICA® patient will need a new prescription for the new pill.

Learn More
05/18 PRC-04135
Reference: 1. Referenced with permission from the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia/Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma V.2.2019. © National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. 2018. All rights reserved. Accessed September 14, 2018. To view the most recent and complete version of the guideline, go online to NCCN.org. NCCN makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever regarding their content, use or application and disclaims any responsibility for their application or use in any way.
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Hemorrhage: Fatal bleeding events have occurred in patients treated with IMBRUVICA®. Grade 3 or higher bleeding events (intracranial hemorrhage [including subdural hematoma], gastrointestinal bleeding, hematuria, and post-procedural hemorrhage) have occurred in 3% of patients, with fatalities occurring in 0.3% of 1,011 patients exposed to IMBRUVICA® in clinical trials. Bleeding events of any grade, including bruising and petechiae, occurred in 44% of patients treated with IMBRUVICA®.

The mechanism for the bleeding events is not well understood.

IMBRUVICA® may increase the risk of hemorrhage in patients receiving antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapies and patients should be monitored for signs of bleeding.

Consider the benefit-risk of withholding IMBRUVICA® for at least 3 to 7 days pre and post-surgery depending upon the type of surgery and the risk of bleeding.

Infections: Fatal and non-fatal infections (including bacterial, viral, or fungal) have occurred with IMBRUVICA® therapy. Grade 3 or greater infections occurred in 24% of 1,011 patients exposed to IMBRUVICA® in clinical trials. Cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) have occurred in patients treated with IMBRUVICA®. Consider prophylaxis according to standard of care in patients who are at increased risk for opportunistic infections.

Monitor and evaluate patients for fever and infections and treat appropriately.

Cytopenias: Treatment-emergent Grade 3 or 4 cytopenias including neutropenia (23%), thrombocytopenia (8%), and anemia (3%) based on laboratory measurements occurred in patients with B-cell malignancies treated with single agent IMBRUVICA®.

Monitor complete blood counts monthly.

Cardiac Arrhythmias: Fatal and serious cardiac arrhythmias have occurred with IMBRUVICA® therapy. Grade 3 or greater ventricular tachyarrhythmias occurred in 0.2% of patients, and Grade 3 or greater atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter occurred in 4% of 1,011 patients exposed to IMBRUVICA® in clinical trials. These events have occurred particularly in patients with cardiac risk factors, hypertension, acute infections, and a previous history of cardiac arrhythmias.

Periodically monitor patients clinically for cardiac arrhythmias. Obtain an ECG for patients who develop arrhythmic symptoms (e.g., palpitations, lightheadedness, syncope, chest pain) or new onset dyspnea. Manage cardiac arrhythmias appropriately, and if it persists, consider the risks and benefits of IMBRUVICA® treatment and follow dose modification guidelines.

Hypertension: Hypertension has occurred in 12% of 1,011 patients treated with IMBRUVICA® in clinical trials with a median time to onset of 5 months (range, 0.03 to 22 months). Monitor patients for new onset hypertension or hypertension that is not adequately controlled after starting IMBRUVICA®. Adjust existing anti-hypertensive medications and/or initiate anti-hypertensive treatment as appropriate.

Second Primary Malignancies: Other malignancies (9%) including non-skin carcinomas (2%) have occurred in 1,011 patients treated with IMBRUVICA® in clinical trials. The most frequent second primary malignancy was non-melanoma skin cancer (6%). 

Tumor Lysis Syndrome: Tumor lysis syndrome has been infrequently reported with IMBRUVICA® therapy. Assess the baseline risk (e.g., high tumor burden) and take appropriate precautions.

Monitor patients closely and treat as appropriate. 

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Based on findings in animals, IMBRUVICA® can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise women to avoid becoming pregnant while taking IMBRUVICA® and for 1 month after cessation of therapy. If this drug is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus. Advise men to avoid fathering a child during the same time period.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

B-cell malignancies: The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in patients with B-cell malignancies (MCL, CLL/SLL, WM and MZL) were thrombocytopenia (58%)*, neutropenia (58%)*, diarrhea (42%), anemia (39%)*, rash (31%), musculoskeletal pain (31%), bruising (31%), nausea (28%), fatigue (27%), hemorrhage (23%), and pyrexia (20%). 

The most common Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions (≥5%) in patients with B-cell malignancies (MCL, CLL/SLL, WM and MZL) were neutropenia (36%)*, thrombocytopenia (15%)*, and pneumonia (10%).

Approximately 6% (CLL/SLL), 14% (MCL), 14% (WM) and 10% (MZL) of patients had a dose reduction due to adverse reactions. Approximately 4%-10% (CLL/SLL), 9% (MCL), and 7% (WM [5%] and MZL [13%]) of patients discontinued due to adverse reactions.

cGVHD: The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in patients with cGVHD were fatigue (57%), bruising (40%), diarrhea (36%), thrombocytopenia (33%)*, stomatitis (29%), muscle spasms (29%), nausea (26%), hemorrhage (26%), anemia (24%)*, and pneumonia (21%).

The most common Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions (≥5%) reported in patients with cGVHD were fatigue (12%), diarrhea (10%), neutropenia (10%)*, pneumonia (10%), sepsis (10%), hypokalemia (7%), headache (5%), musculoskeletal pain (5%), and pyrexia (5%).

Twenty-four percent of patients receiving IMBRUVICA® in the cGVHD trial discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions. Adverse reactions leading to dose reduction occurred in 26% of patients.

*Treatment-emergent decreases (all grades) were based on laboratory measurements and adverse reactions.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

CYP3A Inhibitors: Dose adjustments may be recommended.

CYP3A Inducers: Avoid coadministration with strong CYP3A inducers.

SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

Hepatic Impairment (based on Child-Pugh criteria): Avoid use of IMBRUVICA® in patients with severe baseline hepatic impairment. In patients with mild or moderate impairment, reduce IMBRUVICA® dose.

Please see full Prescribing Information.

Indications

IMBRUVICA® (ibrutinib) is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of adult patients with:

  • Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received at least one prior therapy.

    • Accelerated approval was granted for this indication based on overall response rate. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial.

  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL).

  • CLL/SLL with 17p deletion.

  • Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM).

  • Marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) who require systemic therapy and have received at least one prior anti-CD20-based therapy.

    • Accelerated approval was granted for this indication based on overall response rate. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial.

  • Chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) after failure of one or more lines of systemic therapy.


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IMBRUVICA® (ibrutinib) is covered by U.S. Patents, which are listed in FDA's Orange Book (available at https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/ob/default.cfm).

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